Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 1-9
Enhancement of Mechanical Property of Concrete Structure Using the Macro and Micro Steel Fibers
Hyeok Jung Kim, Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation Center, Hankyong National University, Anseong, Republic of Korea
Nam Wook Kim, Department of Civil Engineering, Jeonnam State University, Damyang, Republic of Korea
Received: Jan. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Jan. 27, 2020;       Published: Feb. 18, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajce.20200801.11      View  609      Downloads  286
Hybrid fiber reinforcement with both macro and micro steel fibers in the concrete matrix is applied in order to evaluate its effectiveness for crack arresting. One of the main objectives of this research is to establish a crack-free high performance concrete. In severe conditions, which may require high water tightness, such as a storage structure for low-level radioactive waste, crack-free high performance concrete structures could be applied. Hybrid fiber reinforcement is well known because it can show excellent performance with a suitable combination of fibers. In this study which deals with hybrid fiber reinforced concrete made with different fiber lengths and fiber contents, the factors which quantify crack resistance of concrete, mainly the first crack strength, flexural strength and strain energy release rate are examined. In this research, the crack resistance of concrete was investigated using the notched specimen by the 4-point bending test for the fiber reinforced concrete and hybrid fiber reinforced concrete (adding the macro and micro fibers). The general conclusions obtained are as follows. To the investigation of the crack resistance of concrete, we obtained the new theoretical equation of the critical strain energy release rate for the hybrid fiber reinforced concrete, and a deep correlation between experimental value and theoretical value was shown. Though in this research, total fiber contents 2.5% showed the maximum values in the strength and crack resistance, an investigation of the totally mechanical behavior needs more widely range of experiment.
Enhancement, Mechanical Property, Macro and Micro Fibers, First Crack, Strain Energy Release Rate
To cite this article
Hyeok Jung Kim, Nam Wook Kim, Enhancement of Mechanical Property of Concrete Structure Using the Macro and Micro Steel Fibers, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20200801.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fujita K. and Saeki N. (1978), “Crack initiation and propagation of concrete,” J. of Japan Concrete Institute, 16 (11), 1-9.
Batson G. B., et al. (1973), “State-of-the-art report on fiber reinforced concrete,” SP-44, ACI, 535-550.
Horiguchi T., et al. (1997), “Hybrid effects of fiber reinforced concrete on fracture toughness,” SP-172, ACI, 535-548.
Rossi P. (1997), “High performance multimodal fiber reinforced cement composites,” J. Mat., ACI, 94 (54), 478-483.
Kim N. W., et al. (1998), “Crack resistance of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete,” J. Japan Cement Association, 48 (1), 396-397.
Banthia N., et al. (1996), “Fracture toughness of micro-fiber reinforced cement composites,” Cement and Concrete Research, 18 (1), 251-269.
Mihashi H., et al. (1999), “Discussion on standard evaluation method for tension softening properties of concrete,” Concrete Research and Technology, 10 (1), 56-63.
Murakami S., et al. (1995), “Tension softening and size effect of steel fiber reinforced concrete,”, J. Japan Cement Association, 45 (1), 21-29.
Mihashi H. and Rokugo K. (1997), “Fracture mechanics of concrete - attraction & prospect,” J. of Japan Concrete Institute, 37 (9), 4-10.
Japan Society of Civil Engineers. (1997), “Size Effect and Tension Softening Curves,” Concrete Technology Series, 18 (1), 67-89.
Kim N. W., et al. (1998), “Effect of the crack control of the hybrid fiber reinforced concrete using micro fibers,” Proceedings of Korea-Japan Joint Symposium on Structural Material Engineering, 1 (1), 68-77.
Kim N. W., et al. (1998), “Fracture behavior of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete,” Proceeding of JSCE, 47 (1), 942-943.
Kim N. W., et al. (1999), “Crack resistance of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete at early age,” Proceedings of JSCE-Hokkaido Chapter, V-5, 444-449.
Swamy R. N. (1973), “The mechanics of fiber reinforced of cement matrices,” SP44-1, ACI, 1-28.
Buckley E. L. (1973), “Prediction of the modulus of rupture of fiber reinforced portland cement mortar and concrete,” SP44-9, ACI, 163-175.
Romualdi J. P. (1968), “Prevention and control of cracking by use of short random fibers,” SP-20, ACI, 10-22.
Parimi S. R. (1973), “On the fracture toughness of fiber reinforced concrete,” SP44-4, ACI, 79-92.
Dugdale D. S. (1960), Journal of Mechanics in Physics & Solids, 8 (1), 100-104.
RICE J. R. (1966), International Journal of Fracture Mechanics, 2 (2), 426-447.
GRIFFITH A. A. (1921), “The phenomena of rupture and flow in solids,” Trans. of Royal Society of London, A221, 163-198.
Browse journals by subject