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BIM-Based Approach to Reduce GHG Emissions in Construction

The construction sector is responsible for a substantial portion of the country's total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Several problems, such as global warming, environmental degradation, unpredictable weather patterns, etc., are caused by higher levels of carbon emission, which is a major cause for concern. Massive amounts of greenhouse gases are produced during the construction process due to the manufacturing, transportation, and utilization of materials as well as the high energy demands of the building's construction processes. The emission of these gases is a factor in climate change. In this study, the phases that release the most carbon into the atmosphere were analyzed alongside the sources of carbon dioxide emissions from construction materials. Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been used for several reasons in projects, including 3D visualization, the preparation of project requirements, and so on. In this research, a BIM-based approach has been conducted to model a proposed building. Then a software-based analysis has been used for the evaluation of carbon emission from the materials. The study's outcome satisfies its aim by assessing the carbon emissions of the entire structure, and the roof and walls as the maximum carbon emitting component with 4272.92 tons of CO2 and 152.18 tCO2. The findings of the research indicate a decrease in carbon emissions from the roof and wall by material modifications to C40/50-50% GGBS and Steel-Hollow Sections. Adopting such material modification will enable structures to be constructed successfully and becoming a lower ecological contributor to carbon emissions is achievable.

GHG, BIM, Building

APA Style

Abdullah, F., Safa, N. S. (2024). BIM-Based Approach to Reduce GHG Emissions in Construction. American Journal of Civil Engineering, 12(1), 1-9.

ACS Style

Abdullah, F.; Safa, N. S. BIM-Based Approach to Reduce GHG Emissions in Construction. Am. J. Civ. Eng. 2024, 12(1), 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20241201.11

AMA Style

Abdullah F, Safa NS. BIM-Based Approach to Reduce GHG Emissions in Construction. Am J Civ Eng. 2024;12(1):1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20241201.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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